© Stephen E. Jones
This is the first installment of part #9, "Ninth century," of my "Chronology of the Turin Shroud: AD 30 - present" series. For more information about this series see part #1, "First century" and index.
9th century (801-900)
[Above (enlarge): Extract from folio 43v of the 9th century (c. 820) Stuttgart Psalter, presumably painted by a Byzantine artist during the Carolingian period (780-900), in the court of Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne (r. 800–814) in Aachen, Germany. Jesus is depicted uniquely naked from the back, being scourged with realistic scourge marks, realistically by two scourgers (as was discovered in the 20th century using the modern science of goniometry), wielding two realistic three-thonged Roman flagrums, and more (see future "c. 820" below). The unknown 9th century artist must therefore have seen either the full-length Shroud, then in Edessa [see "544"], or an accurate copy of it. If so, this would refute Ian Wilson's theory that only after the Image of Edessa was taken from Edessa to Constantinople in 944 [see future "944"] was it discovered that behind the face of Jesus was the full-length Shroud, "doubled in four" = tetradiplon (again see future "c. 820" below).]
To be continued in the second installment of this part #9 of this series.
1. This post is copyright. I grant permission to quote from any part of this post (but not the whole post), provided it includes a reference citing my name, its subject heading, its date, and a hyperlink back to this page[return].
2. "Jesus being scourged," Württembergischen Landesbibliothek Stuttgart (Wurttemberg State Library, Stuttgart), Stuttgart Psalter - Cod.bibl.fol.23, 43v. [return].
Posted: 25 March 2017. Updated: 25 March 2017.